When it comes to organic gardening, it is suggested you fertilize your soil at least two times per year. By fertilizing the soil, you are ensuring the soil gets the added nutrients it needs to allow your organic garden to flourish. What makes organic fertilizer different from regular fertilizer is the lack of man-made chemicals used to produce it.
Types of available organic fertilizer:
Organic animal based fertilizer
To sum up what this fertilizer is composed of can be reduced to one word: Manure. This type of organic fertilizer is usually comprised of any one of the following: Cow manure, horse manure, chicken manure, bat excrement, and even rabbit manure. Organic animal fertilizer should be decomposed or aged; prior to mixing it with the soil for your organic garden. This should be done in order to eliminate the dangerous bacteria, such as the infamous E. coli, or other harmful pathogens.
Once the manure has been properly broken down through decomposition, you can apply it as a liquid or solid form to your organic garden. It is important that the organic animal manure is blended completely and wholly into the soil. For optimal results, it is advised you blend your organic animal fertilizer with your soil at least 3 weeks in advance to planting your organic garden. This will allow it to fully enrich the soil and eliminate the bad odor you would have to endure while gardening.
Organic plant based fertilizer
The most common ingredients used for this type of fertilizer are comprised of the following: Seaweed, worm castings, compost, and what is commonly referred to as “green manure.” Most of the time, organic plant fertilizers are also comprised of kelp and seaweed. Scientific research has discovered that seaweed is extremely beneficial as an organic fertilizer. Seaweed is full of nutrients such as copper, zinc, and manganese. These nutrients are heavily responsible for maximum growth; because they provide soil with micro nutrients. These micro nutrients are what is responsible for giving your organic garden maximum growth.
You can also use worm casings, also known as worm composting, to fertilize your organic garden. This type of fertilizer is easily made or can be bought from an organic garden supply store. To make your own worm casing fertilizer, you need to begin with the correct type of worms. You can obtain these worms from an organic garden supply store.
You will also need a covered tub. Lastly, you will need some lightly moistened vegetable matter. In fact, you can even use old newspapers instead. The beauty of this method of fertilization is the simplicity and the lack of effort. The worms are your employees and do all the work for you for, and they do the work for free. If that’s not enough to convince you to try this organic method of fertilization, consider this; the organic fertilizer you get is nutrient dense and you get it for virtually no cost.
“Green manure” is another form of organic fertilizer you can use. Green manure is a cover crop which is grown, chopped down, and mixed into the soil. It then decomposes into the dirt. This process enriches the soil because the decomposing vegetable matter replenishes the soil with nutrients. One such cover crop you can use is soybeans. The cover crop has to be, what is referred to as, a “nitrogen fixing crop.”
As you can see, there are a variety of ways to further enrich your soil organically. It’s highly suggested you use any one of the above mentioned to ensure you have a bountiful, organic garden.